As customers search for solutions—not just products—what business models do manufacturers need to implement to avoid disruption?
May 23, 2019
By: Michael Mansard, Principal, Business Transformation & Innovation at Zuora Inc.
Industry 4.0—especially the internet of things (IoT)—is transforming manufacturing. This digital transformation integrates disruptive technologies like automation, cloud computing, and data collection into traditional manufacturing processes. The resulting new range of products and services creates a win-win situation, spawning monetization opportunities for manufacturers while improving the customer experience.
The success of Industry 4.0 thus far has clearly sparked a trend, with IoT growing 22% in 2018, surpassing the growth of traditional subscription-based businesses like media and software, according to the latest Subscription Economy Index (SEI). And usage of the core technologies fueling Industry 4.0 are expected to grow from 20%-80% by 2023. For example:
- Expected growth in IoT by 20-30 % to $2900 billion by 2024
- Expected growth in AI by 50-60% to $200 billion by 2025
- Expected growth in cloudification and API by 20-30% to $200 billion by 2020
- Expected growth in blockchain technologies by 70-80% to $20 billion by 2023
While the trend toward Industry 4.0 is clear, only 14% of manufacturers say they have created go-to-market IoT strategies. The challenge that many manufacturers face is that, in order to successfully implement digital transformation, new business models are required. Companies that embrace these new models and expand their range of products and services are poised to seize a competitive advantage.
Dynamic Business Models for Industry 4.0
Traditionally, manufacturers focused on identifying a need in the marketplace and meeting that need with a product. The key challenge was to make the best product as efficiently as possible, pursuing economies of scale. Ultimately, this model was about getting products to market and selling the maximum number of units. Manufacturers pushed products into as many sales and distribution channels as possible. Everything cascaded from the product itself.
In Industry 4.0, products are no longer the end goal. Instead, they are a vehicle to deliver dynamic solutions for customers. Using the disruptive technologies of Industry 4.0, manufacturers provide not only the product, but also services that build off of data about how the product is used and what outcomes it is achieving.
This exchange of information translates into a range of valuable services that can be delivered by the manufacturer. The ongoing nature of these services forms a closer relationship between the customer and manufacturer that is no longer based on single transactions for products.
The customer is now a subscriber. And this subscription-based model becomes a reliable recurring revenue stream for the manufacturer.
Services over Products: CAT and Siemens
Leading edge manufacturers are already implementing this strategy to drive impressive growth. Caterpillar (CAT), the world’s largest equipment manufacturer, is a case in point. The company now produces connected machines (and retrofits older models) with integrated sensors that gather data about usage. This data helps customers optimize the use of their fleets and reduce the overall cost of ownership. As a result, CAT has new recurring revenue streams, closer relationships with their customers, and the largest connected fleet in the world, with more than 500,000 connected assets in the field.
Another example is Siemens, which has launched a range of technology-driven, subscription-based solutions for the healthcare industry. One offering, Teamplay, is a cloud-based collaboration app that allows healthcare professionals to exchange data among themselves to facilitate better-informed medical decisions. Siemens has also deployed AI to help automate and standardize complex diagnostics. These investments have paid off for Siemens, with revenues in fiscal 2017 of $15.4 billion, more than 55% of which was recurring.
The 3 Plays for Monetizing IoT
Shifting to a subscription-based business model means adding new products and services outside the wheelhouse of a traditional manufacturing company. To navigate this expansion, we’ve identified three main plays: New Connected Services; Repackage to Recurring; and Product-as-a-Service. (Note that there is no one “best” play as the strategy is dependent on a given manufacturer’s portfolio, and that all three plays often coexist in parallel within the same company.)
- New Connected Services. With New Connected Services, manufacturers overlay connectivity, cloud or AI on top of existing hardware or machine products. Collected data immediately becomes a new, pure revenue stream, and it’s a natural progression for customers who are familiar with data collection via consumer and enterprise software products. This play is easy to start with limited risk and represents a relatively incremental approach toward Industry 4.0.
- Repackage to Recurring. Repackage to Recurring focuses on transforming transactions from one-time to recurring. Scheduled maintenance, spare part replacement, rental models, and on-premise software are examples of services that can replace or enhance existing sales models. This play establishes a deeper relationship between the manufacturer and the customer.
- Product-as-a-Service. Product-as-a-Service is a customer-centric approach in which the customer can subscribe to a solution for specific needs, while the manufacturer owns the product through its lifecycle. In this model, the manufacturer delivers an outcome, rather than a product, and, in the process, monetizes the customer relationship. This is a highly disruptive—and differentiating—strategy within the current manufacturing landscape.
Industry 4.0 Growth Opportunities for Manufacturers
Industry 4.0 presents tremendous growth opportunities for manufacturers who deploy disruptive technologies, but technology alone does not guarantee success. Only by implementing new business models that monetize Industry 4.0 will manufacturers reap the rewards.
This sort of business model transformation is a long journey that deserves ambitious targets: we believe that every company should aim to reach 20% penetration of new equipment and services sales with recurring (“as a service”) solutions within a five-year period.
You can learn more at PTC Liveworx, June 12th in Boston in the session “IoT, The Fall and Rise of Manufacturing”.